Humanitarian Aid and Insurgent Recruitment

Can humanitarian assistance reduce popular support for insurgents?

This project investigates whether humanitarian assistance can reduce support for insurgents among populations that have been harmed by direct or indirect counterinsurgent actions. We use a “nested” natural experiment approach to assessing how the Afghan Civilian Assistance Program II (ACAP II), a USAID-funded non-monetary assistance program, has affected harmed individuals’ mental resiliency, economic prospects, and support for combatants in Afghanistan (2010-12). We draw on individual level survey experiments among 2,700 respondents as well as patterns of violence in over 900 villages to assess program effectiveness.






Photocredit: Metrography.


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